There are many components to firearms law in Washington State. Below you will find information on constitutional provisions and laws governing firearms in Washington State.

Washington State Constitution

Article 1: Declaration of Rights

Section 24: Right to Bear Arms

The right of the individual citizen to bear arms in defense of himself, or the state, shall not be impaired, but nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing individuals or corporations to organize, maintain or employ an armed body of men.

Revised Code of Washington

Chapter 9.41 RCW: FIREARMS AND DANGEROUS WEAPONS

Sections

9.41.010Terms defined.
9.41.040Unlawful possession of firearms—Ownership, possession by certain persons—Restoration of right to possess—Penalties.
9.41.042Children—Permissible firearm possession.
9.41.045Offenders under supervision of the department—Possession prohibited—Penalties.
9.41.047Persons found not guilty by reason of insanity and others—Possession rights.
9.41.049Persons who present likelihood of serious harm—Possession rights.
9.41.050Carrying firearms.
9.41.060Exceptions to restrictions on carrying firearms.
9.41.065Correctional employees—Effect of exemption from firearms restrictions—Liability limited.
9.41.070Concealed pistol license—Application—Fee—Renewal.
9.41.073Concealed pistol license—Reciprocity.
9.41.075Concealed pistol license—Revocation.
9.41.080Delivery to ineligible persons.
9.41.090Dealer deliveries regulated—Hold on delivery—Fees authorized.
9.41.092Licensed dealer deliveries—Background checks.
9.41.094Waiver of confidentiality.
9.41.097Supplying information on the eligibility of persons to possess firearms, purchase a pistol or semiautomatic assault rifle, or be issued a concealed pistol license.
9.41.0975Officials and agencies—Immunity, writ of mandamus.
9.41.098Forfeiture of firearms—Disposition—Confiscation.
9.41.100Dealer licensing and registration required.
9.41.110Dealer’s licenses, by whom granted, conditions, fees—Employees, fingerprinting and background checks—Wholesale sales excepted—Permits prohibited.
9.41.113Firearm sales or transfers—Background checks—Requirements—Exceptions.
9.41.114Firearm sales or transfers—Denial of application report—Dealer’s duties.
9.41.115Penalties—Violations of RCW 9.41.113.
9.41.120Firearms as loan security.
9.41.122Out-of-state purchasing.
9.41.124Purchasing of rifles and shotguns by nonresidents.
9.41.129Recordkeeping requirements.
9.41.135Verification of licenses and registration—Notice to federal government.
9.41.137Department of licensing, authority to adopt rules—Reporting of violations—Authority to revoke licenses.
9.41.139Department of licensing—Eligibility to possess firearms.
9.41.140Alteration of identifying marks—Exceptions.
9.41.171Alien possession of firearms—Requirements—Penalty.
9.41.173Alien possession of firearms—Alien firearm license—Political subdivisions may not modify requirements—Penalty for false statement.
9.41.175Alien possession of firearms—Possession without license—Conditions.
9.41.185Coyote getters.
9.41.190Unlawful firearms—Exceptions.
9.41.220Unlawful firearms and parts contraband.
9.41.225Use of machine gun or bump-fire stock in felony—Penalty.
9.41.230Aiming or discharging firearms, dangerous weapons.
9.41.240Possession of pistol or semiautomatic assault rifle by person from eighteen to twenty-one.
9.41.250Dangerous weapons—Penalty.
9.41.251Dangerous weapons—Application of restrictions to law enforcement, firefighting, rescue, and military personnel.
9.41.260Dangerous exhibitions.
9.41.270Weapons apparently capable of producing bodily harm—Unlawful carrying or handling—Penalty—Exceptions.
9.41.280Possessing dangerous weapons on school facilities—Penalty—Exceptions.
9.41.290State preemption.
9.41.300Weapons prohibited in certain places—Local laws and ordinances—Exceptions—Penalty.
9.41.310Information pamphlet.
9.41.320Fireworks.
9.41.325Undetectable or untraceable firearms—Penalties.
9.41.330Felony firearm offenders—Determination of registration.
9.41.333Duty to register—Requirements.
9.41.335Failure to register as felony firearm offender.
9.41.340Return of privately owned firearm by law enforcement agency—Notification to family or household member—Exception—Exemption from public disclosure—Civil liability—Liability for request based on false information.
9.41.345Return of privately owned firearm or concealed pistol license by law enforcement agency—Duties—Notice—Exception.
9.41.350Voluntary waiver of firearm rights—Procedure—Penalty—Exemption from public disclosure.
9.41.352Voluntary waiver of firearm rights—Form—Availability.
9.41.360Unsafe storage of a firearm.
9.41.365Firearm security and storage—Requirements for dealers.
9.41.800Surrender of weapons or licenses—Prohibition on future possession or licensing.
9.41.801Surrender of weapons or licenses—Ensuring compliance.
9.41.802Proof of surrender and receipt pattern form—Declaration of nonsurrender pattern form—Administrative office of the courts to develop.
9.41.804Proof of surrender and receipt form, declaration of nonsurrender form—Requirement to file with clerk of the court.
9.41.810Penalty.

NOTES:

Carrying loaded rifle or shotgun in vehicle: RCW 77.15.460.

Explosives: Chapter 70.74 RCW.

Possessing a stolen firearm: RCW 9A.56.310.

Shooting firearm from, across, or along public highway: RCW 77.15.460.

Theft of a firearm: RCW 9A.56.300.